Today’s off-road bikes are the choice of many cycling enthusiasts. If you are feeling tired while going uphill, if your bike uses a wide range of gears, you can use it more comfortably suitable for riding on different terrains.
If you can understand the basics of how these gears work, it can completely change the way you cycle. Join me to find out how to shift gears on a bike in the following article.
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Introducing The Bike Gears Set
Sports bicycles usually have 2-speed shifters located on the handlebars. There are two types of controls: a grip shifter or a lever clutch. Each shifter has its roles and uses to suit the needs of the user.
When riding a bicycle, if you do not know the advantages of shifting gear, your body will produce too much energy leading to exhaustion of energy. The gears on a bike can help you drive more smoothly and consistently so that you can maintain energy for a long time and not feel tired.
Playing a decisive role in the speed of cycling, the disc gear shifter is divided for three different types of speeds as follows:
Type 1: Small gear is used when facing steep terrain, slow travel speed, and especially light cycling.
Type 2: The gear is just right when using a moderate speed, not too fast or too slow.
Type 3: The large gear is often used in sports practice or when the user wants to move at a high speed.
You can check out this video to see how do bike gears work:
The gearshift can be used from 7 to 9 different speeds to divide the selected cycling speed from the disc converter. (Note: when using you should combine both types of speed converter with the disc converter to get the best results when using. You should use the following combination:
- The gearshift number 1 should be used to correspond to the gearshift level 1, 2, and 3. When such a combination will make your cycling lighter, the bike moves slowly to pass the terrain with a steep slope greater than 15%.
- The gearshift number 2 should be used corresponding to the gearshift levels 3, 4, and 5. This combination is used when you travel on flat roads and pedal at normal speed.
- The gearshift number 3 should be used corresponding to the gearshift level 5, 6, and 7. With this combination, it helps slow down to get momentum for the bike to accelerate quickly and is often used in the section.
A short guide to how to know which bicycle gear to use can be found right here:
Why We Should Use Shift Gear
You need to use a gear shift when the terrain starts to change. Shifting gear could be when you are on a flat road and ahead of you will be a slope, so to be able to go lighter you will have to downshift to smaller gears to avoid getting stuck while going uphill.
When you have just climbed to the peak of the hill, you should turn to a large gear to be able to accelerate when downhill. These techniques need to be practiced regularly to form the reflex so that you can travel on different terrains.
Learning how to use gear to achieve a goal, riders will struggle to move with large gears. For beginners with gears, they use a high gear (big front gear and small rear gear) which consumes a lot of energy and the pedal force is maintained at low speeds. Others find themselves frantically running not too far because they are too low (small gear in front, big rear).
You can check out this video to see how you should be changing gears on your bike/bicycle:
Some Notice When Performing Shift Gear
Adjusting the travel chain between the rear cassettes for small changes and between the front disc gears for big changes but not both at the same time. Only one set of shifters should be used at a time or when you can deviate from causing the chain to slip out of the front gear and sprocket.
You should predict the terrain and move it right before you start going uphill. You should not wait halfway when you have almost stopped with maximum pressure on the pedal.
On flat terrain, you can switch over multiple gears at the same time. If you change on a hill, do the shifting gear one at a time and try to release pressure from the pedal while you are traveling.
One more thing to note is that it is advisable to clean the vehicle after completing long journeys or through muddy terrain. Letting the dirt stick to the gear will create a difficult feeling when you shift gears on a dirt bike and make the chain easier to cross when switching gears.
You can check out this video to see how to change gears:
Basic Steps To Shift Gear
A short guide to how to change the gears on bicycle can be found right here:
Step 1: Use the left shifter to change the front derailleur
On a bicycle, the left-hand shifter is always used to switch the front gears. When you use the lever clutch on the left hand, the lever on the derailleur switches the chain from gear to gear. There are a few different mechanisms for common cycling conversions.
Shifting gears can be done by rotating the wrist. The gear pattern has a small lever located above or below the handlebars. Gear changes by a large lever next to the handlebars to which you work with fingertips.
Use your right hand to control Derailleur behind, changing the rear gear. When in use, the controls help to move the rear derailleur so that the chain can catch onto a new rear wheel. The rear gears always use the same mechanism as the front disc gear. If you cannot control all the front and rear Derailleur while you are riding all of them, remember to just control the Derailleur which is the rear gear.
You can check out this video to see how to change gear on your bike:
Step 2: Downshifting makes the pedal easier but less vigorous
You can also change your gears to make cycling easier in certain situations. Switching to a lower gear, for example, allows you to pedal faster, more easily, but each pedal won’t be able to push the gear that can go too far. There are two ways to change that: switching to a smaller wheel in the front or to a larger wheel in the back.
Step 3: Gear up to increase power
Make your bike stronger by switching to higher mode. The cogs may make it harder to pedal, but each of these steps can help you go further and go faster. There are also two ways to change it: switch the larger gear in the front or switch to the smaller gear in the back.
Step 4: Practice the conversions
It is advisable to choose a flat ground so that changing practices can be implemented. The best way for you to make these simple changes is to start doing something in the park or the car park. Try using the handle lever to adjust them up or down. Try using the gear group set to control both the front and rear disc combinations.
How To Shift Gear At The Right Time
A short guide to how & when to change gear on a road bike can be found right here:
Step 1: Choose low gear at the moment you started
Choose a low gear when you start to go. The first gear you ride on your bike is usually one of the hardest gears because you need to slowly balance yourself from standing still, starting to move, and accelerating. Whenever starting, switch to lower gears to make it faster and easier to get back up and speed up.
If you know you will be stopping soon, you should switch to a low mode so you can start more easily next time. This is especially true if you know you’re going to have to leave a difficult place – going uphill, for example.
Step 2: Gradually speed up
Gradually speed up when you want to go faster. You will find that the lower gears start too easily after a shift in time. If you continue to speed up change, you will find the pedal more difficult to make the effort, but you will continue the effort.
If you are driving on terrains like city streets or a few small hills, the middle gear will work well at your default speed. Let’s say you are going at 18 speed with (3 fronts, 6 rear) using 2nd gear front and 3rd rear will give you the best option.
Step 3: Go up the hill
Going uphill is seen as a very essential skill. Without it, you would get stuck walking on your bike on larger hills. Changing gears allows you to be able to walk on stable hills without too much effort. You may find it difficult to slowly climb up the hills at first low gear.
Since you are moving at a low speed, balance is more difficult than usual. However, moving slowly also means you can easily lower your feet to the ground if you lose your balance.
A short guide to how to ride up hills on a bicycle can be found right here:
Step 4: Change gear on the relative ground and slope areas
If you’re trying to build as much power as possible, using higher gears on terrain is the best way to go. Gradually switching to your top gear will allow you to keep accelerating at a steady speed until you reach top speed. Be sure to ride carefully when you go fast, make sure you can make sure to avoid injury.
At a high speed is one of the only ways to get up to speed when you go downhill, the bottom gears won’t make the discs fast enough to be able to keep up with the wheels as you roll down, doing so for the body cannot accelerate except the hill.
A short guide to how to use road bicycle gears can be found right here:
Step 5: Make careful changes to avoid damage to joints
Make careful changes to avoid damaging your joints. It can feel more satisfying to get your bike in motion with high gear, but it can hurt your body in the long run. Trying to push the bike too high can stress the knee joint, leading to soreness and even joint problems over time.
It’s not as good for exercising your heart and lungs as if you were stepping on a wheel at a steady pace. To be clear, you can use the bike’s higher gears, but you should only switch them over gradually after you’ve built up the speed.
Step 6: Avoid choosing a gear that is cross-chain
Avoid the gear selection that will lead to chain crossovers. When you turn your gears, if you look down the chain, you can see sometimes it’s in a slightly diagonal direction. That’s not a big deal unless you choose the combined gear and rear sprocket which puts the chain in maximum cross-chain position. This causes the chain to wear, break over time and cause a break, slipping out of the groove.
If you do not want this bad situation to happen, you should not use the large front gear in combination with the large rear one. Likewise, do not use the small front gear in combination with the small rear one.
For beginners to this sport, you need to pay attention to shifting gear because it is one of the prerequisites for speed increases. Above is a summary of the information you need to know about gear and tips you need to know to change gear. I hope through the article you can understand more about useful shifting gear techniques to cycle smoothly.
Can I shift gears while pedaling?
The first rule that you must remember is that you must shift gear while pedaling. If you change gears while standing still, the gears will be difficult to change and will easily cross the chain when you start cycling.
Does shifting gears take you a lot of time?
Gear shifting will not take up much of your time. gear switching happens immediately when you adjust the shifter on the handle. The gears change faster and smoother while you are cycling.
What is the gear shifting tips on a bike for beginners?
Here are some tips that a beginner should remember to shift gear. First, the shifter on the left has the function of changing the gearbox in the front. Second, if you want to switchgear in the back, use the right-hand shifter. Finally, if you want the shift to be fast and smooth, you should change the gear while you pedal.
Why do some people feel so difficult to shift gears on a bike?
Some reasons for the difficulty of shifting gear can be mentioned such as not knowing the rules of using shifter or switching gear while standing still. Another factor that makes shifting difficult is the poor adjustment on cable.